Submission to the UN Committee on there Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination on Themes to the UK combined 24th to 26th Periodic Reports


Themes in relation to the combined twenty-fourth to twenty-sixth periodic reports of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland:

Article 1: Definition of racial discrimination

‘Decent’ and ‘Caste’ in the definition of racial discrimination: Progress made in the incorporation of the Convention into domestic law in particular ‘Descent’ and ‘Caste’ under the current Race Relations Order (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 7 and 8).

Article 2: Prohibition of discrimination

  1. Review of Race Relation Order: When will it publish the Review Report? And when will be the new Race Relation Order in the statute book? Anymore delay and buying time tactics? (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para 7 and 8(c)).
  2. Racial Equality Strategy 2015-2025: What have been achieved in the past 9 years   regarding the Review of the Race Relation Order; Ethnic Monitoring/Data Collection (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 13 and 14); Refugee Integration Strategy; Hate Crime Law and School Bullying? Why the Strategy lacks of out-come based actions, and that needs to be reviewed. Actions should be designed to address the inequalities experienced by Black and Minority Ethnic people in areas such as health and social care, education, housing, employment, and participation in public life.
  3. Travellers, gypsy and Roma: Progress (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 24 and 25)
  4. Rights after UK Withdrawal from EU:
  5. (a)Windsor Framework Article 2 states:

    (1)The United Kingdom shall ensure that no diminution of rights, safeguards or equality of opportunity, as setout in that part of the 1998 Agreement entitled Rights, Safeguards and Equality of Opportunity results fromits withdrawal from the Union, including in the area of protection against discrimination, as enshrined in theprovisions of Union law listed in Annex 1 to this Protocol, and shall implement this paragraph throughdedicated mechanisms.

    (2)The United Kingdom shall continue to facilitate the related work of the institutions and bodies set uppursuant to the 1998 Agreement, including the Northern Ireland Human Rights Commission, the Equality Commission for Northern Ireland and the Joint Committee of representatives of the Human Rights Commissions of Northern Ireland and Ireland, in upholding human rights and equality standards.

    (b)  Rwanda Act 2024 is in breach of the Article 2(1) and (2) of the Windsor Framework

    (c)   Single Equality Act is in breach of the Article 2(1) and (2) of the Windsor Framework

  6. Bill of Rights for Northern Ireland: (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 9 and 10)
  7. Racial Profiling: Increase in Stop and Search for Black and Minority Ethnic people under the Common Travel Area (CTA) and/or Electronic Travel Authorisation (ETA) which are violate Article 2(1) and (2) of the Windsor Framework.
  8. Article 3: Prohibition of racial segregation and apartheid
  9. Institutionalised Racism’ and ‘structural racism’ are the daily life of the Black and Minority Ethnic people. The Stephen Lawrence Inquiry Report defined as “The collective failure of an organisation to provide an appropriate and professional services to people because of their colour, culture or ethnic origin which can be seen or detected in process attitudes and behaviour which amount to discrimination through unwitting prejudice, ignorance, thoughtlessness, and racist stereotyping which disadvantageminority ethnic people.” (MacPherson Report 1999)
  10. Article 4: Prohibition of the promotion of incitement 
    1. Online Hate Crime and Hate Speech: Progress made in relation to the new Hate Crime and Hate Speech Law (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 15,16 and 17).
    2. The Northern Ireland Council for Ethnic Minority (NICEM) in 2011 and 2016 to make submission to CERD with details involvement from Loyalist paramilitarism in racist violence and intimidation, increasingly targeting Muslim community with Far Rights Groups in Northern Ireland and UK. Progress (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 15 and 16)?Sectarism and Racism in Northern Ireland: Progress in relation to Sectarism and Racism (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 36 and 37)
  11. Article 5

    Article 5(a): Equal Treatment

    1. Fee charging for migrants, asylum seekers and refugees: it is unfair discriminate against migrants and family members on their renewal of their work permits, apply for permanent residency status and naturalisation. It is extortion to migrants and their families. For asylums seekers and refugees in terms of fee charging for travel document applications, it is also extortion to those rely on 2/3 of the benefits. The same extortion when they apply for both permanent residence and naturalisation.

    Article 5(b): The Right to Security of Person and Protection by the State violence and bodily harm

    1. Counter-Terrorism Measure: Progress in relation to targeting Muslim community; stop and search by using Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015; racist attacks by Loyalist paramilitarism and Far-Rights groups (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 18 and 19).
    2. Domestic Violence and Violence Against Women and Girls:

    Article 5(d): Other Civil Rights

    Article 5(d)(i): The Right to Free Movement and Residence within the border of State

    Article 5(d)(ii): The Right to leave any country

    Article 5(d)(iii): The Right to Nationality

    1. Rwanda Act 2024
    2. Immigration Detention: Progress from immigration detention (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 38 and 39). Rwanda Act 2024 is in breach of Article 5(d).

    Article 5d(vii): The Right to Thought, Conscience and Religion

    1. Female Genital Mutilation
    2. Child, Early and Forced Marriage

    Article 5d(viii): The Right to Freedom of Opinion and Expression

    1. Online Hate Crime and Hate Speech: Progress made in relation to the new Hate Crime and Hate Speech Law (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 15,16 and 17).
    2. Racism and Sectarianism: Progress in relation to Sectarism and Racism (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 36 and 37). 3. Domestic Violence and Violence Against Women and Girl
    3. Article 5d(xi): The Right to Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and Association
      1. Counter-Terrorism Measure: Progress in relation to targeting Muslim community; stop and search by using Counter-Terrorism and Security Act 2015; racist attacks by Loyalist paramilitarism and Far-Rights groups (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 18 and 19).

      Article 5(e): Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, in particular

      Article 5(e)(i): The Rights to Work

      1. African and Asian descent: Progress (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 32 and 33).
      2. Travellers, Gypsies and Roma
      3. Migrants: Forced Labour and Exploitation

      Article 5(e)(iii): The Right to Housing

      1. Travellers, Gypsies and Roma: Progress (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 24 and 25).
      2. Unauthorised encampment, barriers to adequate site provision.
      3. Asylum Seekers and Refugees:

      Article 5(e)(iv): The Right to Public Health

      1. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, in particular people from Black Minority Ethnic people whether they are the victims or health care workers or medical staffs.
      2. Progress in relation to Travellers, Gypsies, Roma and people of African descent (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 30 and 31).

      Article 5(e)(v): The Right to Education and Training

      1. Traveller, Gypsy, Roma, African and African Caribbean communities: Progress (CERD/C/GBR/CO/21-23, para. 34 and 35).

      Article 5(e)(vi): The Right of access to any places and services